Makampani opanga ma vitro aposachedwa kwambiri amatenga nthawi yakukula mwachangu

Novel coronavirus pneumonia novel coronavirus pneumonia ndichofunikira kwambiri pakati pazofunika kwambiri. Makampani achilengedwe a coronavirus pneumonia (IVD) adzayamba mwachangu ndikukula mwachangu kwamatekinoloje atsopano komanso katalisidwe wa chibayo chatsopano. Zikuyembekezeka kukhala imodzi mwamisika yomwe ikugwira ntchito mwachangu komanso mwachangu kwambiri pamakampani azida zamankhwala mtsogolo.

Ukadaulo watsopano, mawonekedwe atsopano ndi kufunikira kwatsopano kumatsegula malo atsopano

Ndikukula kwapaukadaulo kwaukadaulo, msika wamsika wa mafakitale opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito vitro ukukula mwachangu. Malinga ndi chidziwitso cha China in vitro diagnostic network (caivd), mu 2013, kukula kwa msika wazogulitsa zamavuto padziko lonse lapansi kunali pafupifupi US $ 60 biliyoni, ndipo yapitilira US $ 80 biliyoni mu 2019, ndi kuchuluka kwakukula kwakanthawi pachaka mwa 6%. Zikuyembekezeka kuti kukula pamsika kudapitilira US $ 90 biliyoni mu 2020 (onani Chithunzi 1 cha 

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Malinga ndi mfundo zake ndi njira zake, zitha kugawidwa m'magulu akulu akulu asanu ndi limodzi: immunodiagnosis, biochemical diagnostics, magazi diagnostics, diagnostic molecular, microbiological diagnostic and diagnostic (POCT). Kuchokera pakukula kwa msika wodziyesa mu vitro wapadziko lonse lapansi, m'zaka zaposachedwa, gawo lamsika lazachipatala zamagetsi ndi mankhwala a immunodiagnosis latsika pang'ono, pomwe gawo la msika wa chizindikiritso cha acidic, microbiology, histology ndi cytometry lakula chaka ndi chaka, ndikukula kwakukula kwapakompyuta kopitilira 10%. Mu 2019, immunodiagnosis ili ndi gawo lalikulu pamsika, lowerengera 23%, lotsatiridwa ndikuwunika kwachilengedwe, kuwerengera kwa 17% (onani Chithunzi 2 kuti mumve zambiri).

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M'zaka zaposachedwa, matekinoloje atsopano ndi mitundu yazogulitsa zamavuto apadziko lonse lapansi yakhala ikutuluka. Tekinoloje yodziwitsa za maselo yomwe imayimilidwa ndi mitundu iwiri ya majini (NGS), zinthu zowunika zenizeni zomwe zimayimiriridwa ndi tchipisi tating'onoting'ono, ndi matekinoloje atsopano ndi mitundu monga kasamalidwe ka zaumoyo amakono ndi chithandizo chamankhwala cholondola, choyimiridwa ndi chidziwitso chachikulu komanso intaneti kuphatikiza, zatseguka chipinda chatsopano chamakina azachipatala a in vitro. Pogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wowunika wa vitro ndikugwiritsa ntchito njira zocheperako zaukadaulo, msika wodziwitsa anthu za vitro padziko lonse lapansi uzikulabe. Kuphatikiza apo, kuchuluka kwa anthu padziko lonse lapansi kukukulirakulira, komanso kuchuluka kwa matenda, khansa ndi matenda ena ukukula. Zimalimbikitsanso kupitilira kopitilira muyeso wodziwitsa za mu vitro.

Poyendetsedwa ndi kuchulukitsa kwa ukalamba wa anthu, luso laukadaulo wopanga ndi magawo azandalama, makampani opanga ma vitro ku China akupanga mosalekeza. M'zaka zaposachedwa, makampani opanga ma vitro diagnostics apita patsogolo kwambiri, mabizinesi ena akomweko apanga ukadaulo waukadaulo, ndipo mabizinesi ena akumaloko akuwonjezeka chifukwa chofunidwa kwakukulu pamsika wakunyumba. Kuphatikiza apo, mzaka zaposachedwa, China yakhala ikutsatirana ndondomeko zingapo zothandizila pakupanga mafakitale a vitro diagnostics. Mwachitsanzo, pali mfundo zofananira zomwe zikugwirizana m'ndondomeko yazaka 13 zaukadaulo wazida zamankhwala, ukadaulo wazaka 13 wazaka zisanu zaukadaulo waukadaulo komanso chilinganizo chanzeru cha China 2030, chomwe chimalimbikitsanso mphamvu zamakampani.

 

Msika wamsika uli ndi kuthekera

Ponseponse, kukula kwa msika wapadziko lonse wa IVD sikungafanane kwambiri. Malinga ndi magawidwe akumadera, North America, Western Europe ndi madera ena otukuka amatenga gawo loposa 60% ya msika; malinga ndi gawo la msika wogulitsa, pafupifupi theka la gawo lamsika limatengedwa ndi Roche, Abbott, Siemens ndi Danaher. China ndi msika womwe ukukula wa mafakitale opeza matenda a vitro, omwe ali munthawi yakukula msanga ndipo akhoza kuyembekezeredwa mtsogolo.

Pakadali pano, maiko otukuka monga North America ndi Western Europe amawerengera zoposa 60% ya msika wodziwitsa anthu za m'galasi. Komabe, mayiko otukuka komanso misika yam'madera alowa m'malo okhwima ndi chitukuko chokhazikika komanso kukula pang'onopang'ono. M'mayiko omwe akutukuka, monga makampani omwe akutukuka kumene, matenda opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito vitro ali ndi mawonekedwe ochepa komanso kukula kwakukula. Zikuyembekezeka kuti m'misika yomwe ikubwera kumene ikuyimiridwa ndi China, India ndi mayiko ena ndi zigawo zina, kuchuluka kwa msika wodziyesa mu vitro kudzatsalira pa 15% ~ 20%. Msika womwe ukubwerawo ukhala umodzi mwamagawo omwe angatengere kwambiri ntchito yopanga ma vitro diagnostics.

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Makampani opanga zida zogwiritsira ntchito mavitamini ku China adayamba kumapeto kwa ma 1970 ndipo tsopano ali munthawi yachitukuko. Mu 2019, msika wamsika wa makampani opanga ma vitro aku China ali pafupi ndi 90 biliyoni za yuan, ndikuwonjezeka kwapakati pa 20% pachaka. M'zaka 10 zapitazi, mabizinesi opitilira 20 a vitro akwanitsa kukwaniritsa bwino IPO, ndipo Mindray zamankhwala, Antu kwachilengedwe, BGI ndi Wanfu kwachilengedwe ndiomwe akhala akutsogola m'magulu awo. Zinthu zina zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri (monga matenda am'magazi komanso kuzindikira pompopompo) zafika pamlingo wapadziko lonse nthawi yomweyo. Zofanana ndi msika wapadziko lonse lapansi, Roche, Abbott, Danaher, Nokia ndi hysenmecon amawerengera zoposa 55% ya msika waku China wa IVD. Makampani ochokera kumayiko ena amagwiritsa ntchito zabwino zawo pazogulitsa, ukadaulo ndi ntchito kuti iwonjezere ndalama zawo ku China, makamaka muzipatala zam'mayiko ena ndi misika ina yam'mayiko apamwamba, komwe mtengo wake umakhala wokwera kwambiri kuposa zinthu zofananira zapakhomo. M'buku la chaka chino choteteza ndi kuwongolera chibayo cha coronavirus, mabizinesi azomwe amapezeka mu vitro amawonetsa maso awo owala. Kampani yoyesera gulu lachitatu yakhala ikutukuka m'machitidwe azachipatala, ndipo ikuyembekezeka kugwira ntchito yambiri yodziwitsa matenda.

 

Ma reagents a in vitro diagnostics ndi zinthu zogula zogula, ndipo kufunikira kwa msika sikungachepe. Msika wodziwitsa zamkati mwa vitro sikufika "padenga". Pali madera ambiri osakwaniritsidwa omwe akuyenera kukonzedwa, ndipo makampaniwa azikhala otsogola komanso otukuka mtsogolomu.

 

Chiyembekezo chabwino cha zigawo zitatu zazikulu

M'nthawi ya mliri, mafakitale aku China omwe amapezeka mu vitro diagnostics adzalowa munthawi yachitukuko champhamvu cha matenda am'magazi, matenda amthupi ndi matenda opatsirana.

 

Matenda a m'mimba

Pakadali pano, kukula kwamsika kwa mafakitole azachipatala ku China ndikufulumira, kuchuluka kwa mafakitale ndikotsika, kusiyana kwaukadaulo pakati pa mabizinesi apakhomo ndi akunja ndikochepa, ndipo bizinesi iliyonse ili ndi ukadaulo wawo.

 

Malinga ndi ziwerengero, mu 2019, kuchuluka kwa msika wamafuta azachipatala ku China ndi pafupifupi 11.58 biliyoni; kuchuluka kwakukula kwakachulukidwe kwa pachaka kuchokera ku 2011 mpaka 2019 kudzafika ku 27%, pafupifupi kuwirikiza kawiri kuchuluka kwakukula padziko lonse lapansi. Msika waku China wodziwitsa zamankhwala, mabizinesi omwe amalipidwa ndi mayiko akunja amakhala ndi 30% ya msika, makamaka wokhazikika kumtunda kwa unyolo wamakampani, zopangidwa ndi Roche, PCR yochulukirapo ya Abbott ndi sequencer ya IL Lumina ndiomwe akuyimira; Mabizinesi akomweko amawerengera 70% ya msika wazogulitsa, ndipo bizinesi yawo imangoyang'ana kwambiri pama reagents a PCR ndi ntchito zakuwunika. Mabungwe oimirawa akuphatikizapo biology ya Kaipu, biology yothandizira, mtundu wa Huada, jini la mabulosi, biology ya Zhijiang, jini la Daan, ndi zina zambiri.

 

Pali ambiri omwe akutenga nawo gawo pamsika wamagulu azachipatala ku China, ndipo kuchuluka kwa mafakitale ndikotsika. Chifukwa chachikulu chodabwitsachi ndikuti zosowa zamankhwala zomwe zimapezeka pakuwunika kwa ma cell ndizochulukirapo komanso zovuta, ndipo aliyense wamsika aliyense ali ndi maluso ake komanso madera omwe ali ndi ukatswiri, kotero ndizovuta kubisa mabizinesi onse, chifukwa chake ndizovuta kupanga mpikisano waukulu.

 

Tekinoloje yodziwitsa za maselo makamaka imaphatikizapo PCR, nsomba, kusanja kwa majini ndi jini chip. M'kupita kwanthawi, danga lokulitsa laukadaulo waukadaulo wa jini ndi lokulirapo, koma mtengo wake ndiwokwera. Ukadaulo wa PCR ukadali ukadaulo wodziwika bwino wamavuto am'magazi. Pofuna kugwira bwino ntchito yopewera mliri komanso kuwongolera, mabizinesi angapo apakompyuta apanga ma cell a coronavirus nucleic acid, ndipo ambiri mwa makinawa amagwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wa PCR, womwe umagwira ntchito yofunika kwambiri pakupewa miliri ndi kuwongolera, ndikuwongolera makampani onse azidziwitso zamagulu kukhala ndi chiyembekezo chabwino.

Kutsekula magazi

Pakadali pano, msika wa immunodiagnosis ndiye gawo lalikulu kwambiri pamsika wazogulitsa zama vitro ku China, zomwe zimawerengera pafupifupi 38% yamisika yonse yodziwitsa za vitro.

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Oposa 60% ya msika wadzimadzimadzi ku China umakhala ndi mabizinesi omwe amalipidwa ndi mayiko akunja, pomwe 30% yokha yamagawo amisika am'deralo monga Mindray medical, Mike biological, Antu kwachilengedwe, ndi ena amakhala. ndende ndipamwamba. Makampani omwe amalipidwa ndi mayiko akunja amakhala ndi 80% ~ 90% pamsika wamsika wambiri wa matenda amthupi ku China ndi ukadaulo wazinthu zamagetsi kwazaka zambiri, ndipo makasitomala awo ndi zipatala zapamwamba; Mabizinesi akomweko amafulumizitsa ntchito yolowa m'malo mwa mabanja kudzera muubwino wamagwiridwe antchito ndi ma reagents ofanana.

 

Kuzindikira nthawi yomweyo

Msika wodziwitsa anthu zakanthawi ku China udayamba mochedwa, ndipo msika wonse ndi wocheperako. Komabe, m'zaka zaposachedwa, kuchuluka kwakukula pamsika kwakhala kukukhalabe pa 10% ~ 20%, kutalikirapo kuposa kuchuluka kwa kukula kwa 6% ~ 7%. Malinga ndi zomwe zidanenedwa, mu 2018, msika wodziwitsa anthu zakanthawi ku China ufika ku 6.6 biliyoni, kufika pafupifupi 7.7 biliyoni mu 2019; Roche, Abbott, merier ndi mabizinesi ena omwe amalipidwa ndi mayiko akunja azikhala ndi mwayi wodziwika bwino pamsika wodziwika bwino ku China wodziwika bwino, wokhala ndi gawo pafupifupi 90%; Mabizinesi akomweko akupitilira pang'onopang'ono pamapindidwe ndi mitengo yamtengo wapatali komanso luso laukadaulo.

 

Kufufuza mwachangu kumatha kubweretsa zotsatira mwachangu, zomwe sizingokhala malire ndi malo oyeserera, komanso kumafunikira maluso otsika ogwira ntchito. Ndioyenera mabungwe azachipatala audzu, komanso zipatala zikuluzikulu, monga zadzidzidzi, wodwala kunja, kuyezetsa matenda opatsirana opatsirana pogonana, kuwunika kachilombo koyambitsa matendawa, kuzindikira komwe angatulukire pamalo, kulowa kwa omwe azituluka okha ndi zochitika zina . Chifukwa chake, chosavuta, chodalirika komanso choyenera kuzindikira mwachangu zida zowunika zenizeni zenizeni zidzagwira ntchito yofunikira kwambiri pakukula kwa mafakitale a vitro m'tsogolo. Pakadali pano, mabizinesi oyimira zenizeni zenizeni ku China akuphatikiza Wanfu biology, Jidan biology, Mingde biology, Ruilai biology, Dongfang gene, Aotai biology, etc.

 

Kupyolera mu kulingalira kwathunthu kwa zotsatira za mliriwu ndi chiyembekezo cha chitukuko cha msika, tikhoza kupeza kuti chitukuko cha msika ndi Chiyembekezo cha matenda a maselo, matenda a chitetezo cha mthupi ndi matenda omwe amapezeka nthawi yomweyo ndi abwino. Ndi gawo lake lofunikira popewa kulimbana ndi mliri, kuwunika kwa vitro kudzakhudzidwa kwambiri ndikuzindikiridwa ndi msika, ndipo ukhala umodzi mwamalo omwe angatengeke kwambiri pazachipatala pazaka zingapo zikubwerazi.


Post nthawi: Dis-18-2020